Meaning of Bible exegesis and study (2023)

When Christians deepen the Word of God, they are often inspired to learn more.They want more than a superficial understanding of the basic concepts of theirBelieve.Learning techniques and knowing how to do research to increase knowledge of the Bible is an effort that is worth it.

One way to better understand the Bible is a critical reading technique called exegesis, "critical explanation or interpretation of a text or a section of text, especially the Bible." It involves analyzing the text in such a way as to obtain the information, the moral ideas and the messages of the Bible. A key element is the understanding of the meaning of the verse, the chapter and the book of the Bible in its original context.

Where does this concept come from?

The exegesis is, in many ways, an attentive reading of a religious text and, in many ways, is the primacy of the academic concept of the twentieth century that has arisen from the movement of the new criticism.

Precise reading is the careful and sustained observation of a text passage.Exegesis is similar in execution but applied to a religious work.Examples of this type of study of theological texts date back to ancient Mesopotamia.There are exegetic comments on many religions, including Judaism, Islam, Zoroastrismo and Christianity.It is a rigorous study of the passage ofWritingRead it several times and again to obtain as much information as possible.

(Video) Exegesis and Eisegesis - What is the difference? | Bible Study Tips |

After this reading, you must ask certain questions about the text.

  • What gender is this book of the Bible?
  • Who was the human author of this book?
  • What happens in the chapters surrounding this passage?
  • What language was that written in?
  • When was that written?
  • What was the purpose of this text?
  • How does this passage and book of the Bible fits in the rest of the Word of God?

Explore the answers to these questions can provide important information about what the reader understands.

What is the purpose of exegesis?

Because the exegetical interpretation is done by drawing the text in its original context, it informs an understanding of work that is not based on personal ideas or beliefs.You should also help with anachronistic readings.Anachronism is defined byDiccionario.comas "something or someone who is not in the correct historical or chronological time, especially a thing or person that belongs to a previous time."Taking virtues and behaviors of a period of time and applying them to the wrong time can lead to misunderstandings of important concepts.

One of the main purposes of exegesis is to read the text having in mind the author's intention.This objective of understanding the author's intention is one of the main examples of where exegesis and modern quasi models differ from recent criticapproach known as the author's death, which is derived from the essay of literary critic Roland BarthesThe author's death-The author's deathWhat speaks against understanding the text using the author's life. In theological exegesis, it is important to understand the author's intention and the understanding of the culture and language in which the author lived is of crucial importance.

What is the difference between exegesis and hermeneutics?

While exegesis is one of the main methods for ministers and theologians to approach the Scriptures, there are other interpretation styles.ourselvesIt is the opposite of exegesis.Instead of addressing the text in its own context, the reader asks what the passage means personally, regardless of the context.This style is not used frequently.

(Video) HOW TO INTERPRET SCRIPTURE | Hermeneutics, Exegesis, and Eisegesis | Understanding The Bible EP 01

HermeneuticsIt is the field of study under which exegesis exists, and exegesis is one of the tools through which hermeneutics can be applied. In the framework of this academic study, there are several disciplines that can be applied exegeically or notFor example, the historical examines the grammatical approach uses the structure of the original language and the historical context to form an opinion on the meaning of a verse.

Another form of hermeneutics, which is less connected to exegesis, isdispensationalism.Within this approach to understand the Bible, there have been different gospels throughout history, ways of dealing with groups of people and their salvation.In a way, donations were made before the law, after the Mosaic Law, etc.

There are many other forms of hermeneutical study that can offer a unique vision of the Bible.
Meaning of Bible exegesis and study (1)

Photocredit:Unsplash/Alexis Brown

Why is Exegese a reliable way to read the Bible?

Exegesis offers a way of approaching the Bible that reduces the risk of misinterpretation. Do you know how to use the tools to find out?

(Video) How to Study the Bible: Basics of Exegesis

When there seems to be a contradiction between something in the Old Testament and the New Testament, it is useful.Something that Jesus criticizes as a law in the Gospels, for example, is not the law as seen in the mosaic texts, but rather centuries of added tradition.Without knowing the traditions created by the Pharisees who were incorporated into the law, these criticisms seem to disagree with the Old Testament.

You can also make a person reconsider the instinctive reaction to something that seems strange, strange or uncomfortable for the modern reader of the Bible.Take to understand what the passage really says in the context can clarify the practices that may not make sense in current culture.

In an academic sense, it helps people of one culture to understand another.Spiritually, it helps the believer to understand the Word of God as spoken by God.

How can ordinary people practice exegesis?

The practicality of exegesis at home begins with the understanding of the Bible as one of the people like Him, through many people for many centuries.Or it can have a meaning that is lost in translation or that no longer extends in modern society.If the reader meets a passage.That represents a challenge, you can explore the context of this passage.This research may be with historical and biblical comments, who illuminate what the original language or what a culture has appreciated.Online conferences and items can also be very informative.

Reading the Bible carefully with the intention of understanding the message and will of God is the best first step in the practice of exegesis.Keep in mind that some concepts may require more research and carefully investigate the passages that have challenges.There are even short books about the correct interpretation of the Bible that can be a good resource for someone who wants to learn more about their faith.

(Video) How to Interpret the Bible CORRECTLY: exegesis & hermeneutics


Barthes, Roland, F. Bovon, F.J. Leenhardt, R. Martin-Achard and J. Starobinski.Structural analysis and interpretive essays of biblical exegesisEugene: Pickwick Press, 2007.

Bruns, Gerald L.Ancient and modern hermeneutics.New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.

Gorman, Michael. Elements of Biblical Exegesis A basic guide for students and ministers. Grand Rapids: Baker Publishing Group, 2008.

Hayes, John H. y Carl R. Holladay.Biblical exegesis, third edition a guide for beginners. Louisville: Presbyterian Publications Corporation, 2007.

Photocredit:© Getty Images/Justin Kendra

(Video) How to do Biblical Exegesis in 5 Easy Steps!

Bethany VerrettShe is an independent writer who uses her passion for God, reading and writing to glorify God.She and her husband have lived throughout the country serving in the ministry of her lord and Salvador.She has a


What is the simple explanation of exegesis? ›

According to the Anchor Bible Dictionary," exegesis is the process of careful, analytical study of biblical passages undertaken in order to produce useful interpretations of those passages. Ideally, exegesis involves the analysis of the biblical text in the language of its original or earliest available form."

What is an example of a biblical exegesis? ›

One example is Romans 12:2, where Paul instructs readers to "not be conformed to this world." This passage can be interpreted through exegesis to mean that believers should avoid allowing the prevailing values and temptations of the world to affect their faith.

How to study the Bible exegesis? ›

Biblical Exegesis: Step Six: Application
  1. Home.
  2. Step One: Establish the Text.
  3. Step Two: Examine the Literary Context.
  4. Step Three: Examine the Historical-Cultural Context.
  5. Step Four: Establish the Meaning.
  6. Step Five: Determine the Theological Principle(s) in the Text.
  7. Step Six: Application.
Mar 17, 2023

What is the importance of studying exegesis? ›

Exegesis allows students to perform their own translation and come to a better understanding of the meaning of the original texts. Inspiration - Deep analysis of Scripture leads many pastors to a more sound understanding of God's plan and offers fresh inspiration for sermons, counseling, and wisdom.

What does exegesis literally mean? ›

Eisegesis literally means “to lead into”, as in “leading our own ideas into the text”. The opposite is “exegesis”, which means “to draw out”.

How do you start an exegesis? ›

An exegesis can be structured like any other essay, with an introduction, several body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Each paragraph explores a single idea. For example, how a certain work inspired you to characterise your protagonist in a certain way, or, how you used symbolism to explore a certain theme.

What is the opposite to exegesis in the Bible? ›

In biblical exegesis, the opposite of exegesis (to draw out) is eisegesis (to draw in), in the sense of an eisegetic commentator "importing" or "drawing in" their own subjective interpretations into the text, unsupported by the text itself.

What is the final goal of exegesis? ›

The goal of biblical exegesis is to uncover as much of the Bible's treasures as God will allow. Since the Bible is a supernatural book, this not only involves the intellect, but the heart.

What is the two step process for biblical exegesis? ›

a. Determine then define the literary genre of the book. b. Determine then define the literary genre of the selected passage.

What are 3 ways to study the Bible? ›

Scripture: Write the verse in your journal. Observation: Write down observations about the Scripture. Application: How can you apply what you observed in your life? Prayer: Write out a prayer to God based on what you just learned and ask Him to give you opportunities to live out this truth.

What are the 5 ways to study the Bible? ›

Induction Method
  • Observation. Although there are no specific questions you must ask in the observation stage, some questions like these are helpful and should give you an idea of how to systematically observe a biblical passage. ...
  • Interpretation. ...
  • Application. ...
  • Book Study. ...
  • Character Study. ...
  • Topic Study. ...
  • Word Study.
Dec 14, 2021

What is the main single purpose of all the tools of exegesis? ›

The process of exegesis involves asking questions of the text that might unearth new insights. However, The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary is clear that the goal of exegesis is “to know neither less nor more than the information actually contained in the passage.

What is the difference between hermeneutics and exegesis of the Bible? ›

Biblical exegesis is the actual interpretation of the sacred book, the bringing out of its meaning; hermeneutics is the study and establishment of the principles by which it is to be interpreted.

What is the theory of biblical exegesis? ›

Biblical exegesis involves the interpretation, explanation, and exposition of the Bible's various books, in relation either to the time of their composition, or to their meanings for readers in subsequent centuries.

What is exegesis in preaching? ›

Exegetical preaching is when the pastor looks for the author's original message as they read through a passage.

What is the exegesis method? ›

Exegetical method is a tool to help interpreters hear the passage and not impose inappropriate notions upon it. As with any other useful tool, exegesis takes time to learn how to use. It may at first seem awkward and time-consuming.

What is a synonym for the word exegesis? ›

synonyms for exegesis
  • analysis.
  • explanation.
  • exposition.

How to correctly interpret the Bible? ›

7 Principles of Biblical Interpretation
  1. Identify the kind of literature your text is for insight into its meaning. ...
  2. Consider the context of the passage for a better understanding of its meaning. ...
  3. Read the text for its plain and obvious meaning. ...
  4. Try to discern the writer's intentions when he wrote the text.
Mar 12, 2014

What are the five spiritual senses in the Bible? ›

You can touch it. Not to mention see it, hear it, smell it, and taste it. The invisible realm of the spirit is as real as the visible world. In fact, the Scripture tells us that it is even more real (Hebrews 11:3).

What is a master of biblical exegesis? ›

The M.A. in Biblical Exegesis program requires 45 credit hours and can be completed either on-campus or online in two to three years. Whether you desire to strengthen your preaching and teaching or are preparing for further study toward a doctoral degree, the M.A.

How long should an exegesis be? ›

An exegesis paper offers a close, thoughtful analysis of one passage of scripture. The passage should generally be less than a chapter in length with an identifiable beginning and ending. Although you are offering interpretation of the passage, an exegetical paper is different from a sermon or Bible study.

What is the four fold method of exegesis? ›

Thus the four types of interpretation (or meaning) deal with past events (literal), the connection of past events with the present (typology), present events (moral), and the future (anagogical).

What is included in an exegesis? ›

What is an exegesis? Simply put, an exegesis is a critical interpretation of a work. It will also include self-reflection and analysis on what you did, and why you did it in creating your work. audience "to listen to the author speaking to herself before, during and after the act of creation.”

What are the roots of exegesis? ›

English speakers have used the word exegesis—a descendant of the Greek term exēgeisthai, meaning "to explain" or "to interpret"—to refer to explanations of Scripture since the early 17th century.

What is exegesis in Hebrew? ›

"Exegesis" comes from the Greek and means to "draw out." It has become a technical term for comprehending a text within its original setting. In this instance, exegesis is a discipline that draws out the inherent meaning of a particular biblical text.

What is the difference between exegetical and expository preaching? ›

Exegesis is technical and grammatical exposition, a careful drawing out of the exact meaning of a passage in its original context. While the term exposition could be used in connection with any verbal informative teaching on any subject, the term is also used in relation to Bible preaching and teaching.

Who uses exegesis? ›

Both Jews and Christians have used various exegetical methods throughout their history, and doctrinal and polemical intentions have often influenced interpretive results; a given text may yield a number of very different interpretations according to the exegetical presuppositions and techniques applied to it.

What is the exegesis on Peter 2? ›

God's will for His people is to submit to our human authorities—not out of fear of them or because of loyalty to a man or the state—but to freely give respect and honor to all for Christ's sake. So Peter is clear: Christians must submit to every human authority, whether the emperor, the governor, or the slave master.

What is exegesis John 2 17? ›

Then His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up.” The disciples were with Jesus during His cleansing of the temple. Having watched in amazement how Jesus attacked the merchants in the temple, His disciples saw justification for this in the Bible.

What are the 4 steps to reading the Bible? ›

Use this simple four-step Bible study method to: read, reflect, respond, and rest in God's Word. This can be applied in your own time with God and in small group Bible study. Use this simple four-step Bible study method to: read, reflect, respond, and rest in God's Word.

What is the simplest Bible study method? ›

SOAP is a simple method for reading and applying God's word to our lives. SOAP stands for Scripture, Observation, Application and Prayer and involves four simple steps: Scripture – Read a short Bible passage out loud and/or write it out. Observation – What do you notice about the verses?

What is the most important step in studying the Bible? ›

Pause and listen. It is important to search and study the word of God, but it is equally important to slow down, quiet your mind, and listen. When we give ourselves time to meditate after studying the Bible, God can enlighten our minds through His Holy Spirit.

How to study the Bible deeply? ›

A 7-Step Approach to In-Depth Bible Study
  1. See the structure. Start with looking for the structure of the passage. ...
  2. Read in context. ...
  3. Consider the background. ...
  4. Grasp the main point. ...
  5. Identify the purpose. ...
  6. Relate to the gospel. ...
  7. Respond to implications.
May 21, 2020

What is the best way to memorize the Bible? ›

Memorization Methods
  1. Read it aloud after reading the context.
  2. Sing it to music.
  3. Write it down on paper or flashcards.
  4. Recite it aloud from your flashcard or paper or memorizing app.
  5. Write it everywhere (assuming you have a pen on hand wherever you go).
Oct 25, 2021

What is the 3 3 Bible study method? ›

The First Third should include: a time of worship; a time for mutual care for group members; a time of accountability; and a time of casting vision. The Middle Third includes time for the new lesson and the Final Third allows time for practice of the new lesson, goal setting and prayer.

What is the study of Scripture called? ›

Theology is essentially a study of scripture. Theology comes from combining two Greek words: theos, meaning God, and logos, meaning word or rational thought. So theology is God-thought or rational reasoning about God. It is the human effort to understand the God of the scriptures.

What does exegesis mean when reading Scripture? ›

The terms “exegesis” and “eisegesis” refer to how you read the Bible. At the most basic level, exegesis relies on the original context of a biblical passage to determine that passage's meaning, while eisegesis uses things other than the original context of a biblical passage to determine that passage's meaning.

What is the meaning of apologetics? ›

Apologetics (from Greek ἀπολογία, "speaking in defense") is the religious discipline of defending religious doctrines through systematic argumentation and discourse.

Why is it called hermeneutics? ›

The word 'hermeneutics' comes from the ancient Greek language. Hermeneuein means 'to utter, to explain, to translate' and was first used by thinkers who discussed how divine messages or mental ideas are expressed in human language.

What is the meaning of exegesis with example? ›

If your teacher gives an explanation of a difficult text you are reading, she is giving you an exegesis on it. An exegesis is a critical look at a text. Exegesis comes from the Greek word for interpret and it's often used in connection with the Bible. Often times, religious rules are based on an exegesis of a text.

How does exegesis differ from hermeneutics? ›

Biblical exegesis is the actual interpretation of the sacred book, the bringing out of its meaning; hermeneutics is the study and establishment of the principles by which it is to be interpreted.

What is spiritual exegesis? ›

Revealed exegesis considers that the Holy Spirit inspired the authors of the scriptural texts, and so the words of those texts convey a divine revelation.

What is the conclusion of exegesis? ›

I call these summaries “Exegetical Conclusions” and “Homiletical Conclusions.” The Exegetical Conclusions summarize what the text meant, based on your biblical study. The Homiletical Conclusions summarize what the text means based on your theological reflection.

What is the study of the Bible called? ›

Theology is essentially a study of scripture. Theology comes from combining two Greek words: theos, meaning God, and logos, meaning word or rational thought. So theology is God-thought or rational reasoning about God. It is the human effort to understand the God of the scriptures.


1. How to Interpret a Passage of Scripture - The Expositor Podcast
2. Why is it important to study the Bible in context? - Bible Study Tips |
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3. What principles of interpretation can help me read the Bible?
(Ligonier Ministries)
4. Bible Study: 3 Books to help you develop your skill interpreting scripture (biblical hermeneutics)
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5. Tutorial on HOW to study the Bible Exegetically!
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6. Bible Study with Me John: Using Bible Dictionary, Commentary, & Word Study
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